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Oct 17

Fad Diets – What a Joke!

The Fad diets have first appeared in the ’80s in America and in the years that followed they were very popular around the world. Their success was based largely on the plight of the overweight and / or obese which make them vulnerable to “magic pill” promises of popular diets and quick and painless loss of weight. The most common claims of these diets is that certain hormones are responsible for weight gain, that the foods we eat can change the biochemistry of the human body or how the exclusion of certain foods and excessive consumption of others will lead to unnecessary loss of unwanted pounds.

Diets are available in various forms such as low-fat, low carbohydrate, high protein content and focused solely eating a particular food like grapefruit- all have one thing in common: They offer only a temporary solution to the problem of overweight and obesity and for many people there are serious and chronic health problems that need special and careful treatment. These diets are deficient in important nutrients such as carbohydrates and fiber, and specific vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals like antioxidants that are the shield of the body against various diseases. In the long term, inadequate intake of these nutrients can lead to serious mental and physical problems and on stopping the diet the weight lost re-employed mainly in the form of fat.

Let’s see which are the most popular…

The Atkins Diet

It is perhaps the most popular diet that promises the loss of 7 kg in 14 days. It consists of four distinct phases. The common feature of all is the very low carbohydrate intake ranging from less than 20 gr per day. It is allowed to fearlessly consumed large quantities of food rich in protein and fat such as meat, cheese, butter, etc.

COMMENT: The diet of Atkins is inherently rich in saturated fats and cholesterol and deficient in fiber, vitamins and antioxidants. Going on this diet for even a short period of time is associated with headaches, dizziness, fatigue, nausea and a bad smell in the mouth, and investigations reveal that it can lead to increased blood lipids, blood pressure and the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases.

The Mayo Clinic Diet (The Grapefruit Diet)

Like Atkins, the Mayo Clinic Diet or the grapefruit diet allows unlimited consumption of protein foods rich in fat, and states that grapefruit juice has the ability to “burn fat”. The diet promises a steady loss of 3 kg a week after the initial 5 days of application.

COMMENT: It has not been scientifically proven that grapefruit “burns fat”. Moreover, as in the case of the diet of Atkins, can cause an increase in LDL and total cholesterol powerful predisposing the person to follow the development of cardiovascular and other diseases. Also, it promotes a healthy and balanced diet in particular.

Cambridge Diet

This is a diet that promises to loss of 4.5 kg per week and based on hiring only liquid foods to detoxify the body. It offers around 300 calories a day derived mainly from carbohydrates and less protein and fat.

COMMENT: A complete food deprivation creates intense feeling of deprivation and may lead to overeating episodes at the end of the diet. It can be dangerous to individuals, and promotes the phenomenon of recycling of gravity “term leads to weight gain and other health problems.

Beverly Hills Diet

This is a program 35 days divided into phases. During the first phase, lasting 10 days, allowed the fruit only, while the 11the day and then imported carbohydrates and butter. From 19the day, allowed the gradual consumption of other protein foods but never with a food containing carbohydrates, because the particular combination can lead to weight gain and indigestion problems.

COMMENT: The claim that the combination of protein and carbohydrates makes you fat is not science. In the first stage, people follow this diet suffer from severe diarrhea and can then develop various deficiencies due to low intake of vitamins, minerals and especially iron. This diet has been associated with side effects such as depression and depression.

The Cabbage Soup Diet

This diet is a rigorous program of seven days during which they consumed mostly fruit and a vegetable soup based on framed cabbage and other foods such as fruit, skim milk, vegetables and small quantities of meat and fish. Makes very few calories and purpose of existence is to detoxify the body from the standard western diet.

COMMENT: The cabbage soup is not a “magic food”. It is equally effective in weight loss and other vegetable soups, after giving very few calories in the body. Leads to temporary loss of overweight and quick reinstatement, while the first few days creates a strong sense of deprivation. It is particularly inadequate in energy and nutrients and for this reason should be followed at all from vulnerable groups (children, nursing, elderly).

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